If you are a beginner then, you must be not knowing about the different parts of a Trumpet. It is crucial for you to know the different parts, their role, and the way to clean them to enjoy trumpeting thoroughly.
In this article, we will tell you in detail about the different parts of a trumpet and their functions.
Different Parts Of Trumpets & Functions
The mouthpiece is the removal part on one side of the trumpet that you keep on lips to produce sound. It is a small device with a cup on one side opening into a small funnel-like tube.
The mouthpiece can be replaced as per your choice as they are available separately in the ma. They come in a variety of sizes and materials to give the customized feel. Most of the mouthpieces are made from brass.
Further, they work by guiding a precise flow of air from the player’s mouth into the trumpet. For a sound, a buzzing effect is created with the lips.
You can remove the mouthpiece from the trumpet and prefer cleaning it after every use.
Note: Check your mouthpiece closely, especially if you have dropped or hit accidentally. Make sure there are no marks or dents that might hurt your lips while playing.
The bell is the big size part from where the sound comes. You must be already knowing it. It will amplify and shape the final sound of the instrument.
You can find bells in a variety of sizes, flare, and finish. The most common is a brass trumpet with the lacquer gold finish making a rounded tone and the brass trumpet with a silver tend for a higher pitch.
You should polish the bell with a soft cloth to remove fingerprints or dust.
Note: Never put your trumpet down on the floor with the end of the bell as it will scratch it pretty easily. Further, avoid touching the bell with bare hands as oil and moisture from your hand can hamper the finish of the trumpet and eventually the sound.
3. Lead Pipe
It is the trumpet part to which the mouthpiece is attached. You should clean it regularly because the saliva from your mouth generally deposits here making a ground to bacterias and moulds. Also be careful of any bumps or dents on it.
4. Mouthpiece Receiver
It is a small metal cylinder present at the end of the leadpipe that connects the mouthpiece to a trumpet. The mouthpiece is gently pressed into this part before playing it and is taken out for cleaning and storage.
Make sure you don’t apply to much pressure when placing the mouthpiece into the trumpet mouthpiece receiver as it could damage the mouthpiece receiver. If by chance your mouthpiece gets stuck do not try to remove it on its own instead go to a shop and get it repaired.
5. Finger Hook
Finger hook is the sturdy metal hook on the top of the trumpet that lets the player hold the instrument firmly in one hand. Using this hook, the horn can be played completely with one hand. This also makes your second hand free to turn the music pages, signal other plays, or play other instruments.
6. Tunning Slide
It is the largest slide on the trumpet. It is a C-shaped metal tube that can slide in and out to adjust the tune of the instrument. The further out you place the slide, the lower the tone of the trumpet will be. It also maintains the pithc of the trumpet.
Regularly oil or grease to keep your trumpet functioning the right way at all times.
7. Water Key
There is a small water key present in the tuning slide. The water key functions to blow out the excess moisture in the form of saliva or oil of the trumpet.
During the playing sessions, it’s common to get small amounts of moisture in the slide. This kinds of moisture can be removed quickly by pressing the water key. There is a small felt disc on the end that helps to seal the hole when the key is closed. The water key should be cleaned after every play to make the instrument working at all times.
8. Valve Casings
A trumpet has three cylindrical valve casings. It is positioned on the centre of the trumpet. The first valve casing is nearest to the player when the trumpet is in the playing positions, the second is in the centre, and the third is far away.
These casings hold the valve pistons which move back and forth to create a full range of tones on the trumpet using variant combinations.
Each piston is unique to the casing. So, make sure to replace them in the proper casing and realign them inside properly for cleaning.
Further, for good functioning of the valve pistons lubricate each casing occasionally with few drops of piston oil. In absence of the oil, the pistons can scratch the inside of the casing and hamper the playability of the trumpet.
9. Valve Pistons/Valves
They are thin metal cylinders underneath the finger button. Valves are mounted into the hollow cylinders called the casings in the centre of the trumpet. They are called as first valve piston, a second valve piston and third valve piston. The first piston is closest to the player when the trumpet is held in playing position.
These pistons move up and down in the valve casings to produce a full range of tones. The player uses different combinations of fingerings and puts different amount of air pressure to produce different tones. When the player depresses a piston, the hole slides and reroutes the air flow in the circuits. The longer the route of the air, the lower will be the tone.
The first Valve or piston works to lower the tone of the instrument by half a step. It actually adjusts the inflation of the trumpet and is located next to the player.
The second valve or piston lowers the tone to a full step. This valve is also used for cleaning and maintenance of the trumpet.
The third valve or piston lowers the tone by a minor level. It allows the player to play lower notes without going flat.
Each piston is unique to its casings make sure you replace it in the proper casing and realign it properly inside the casing if removed for cleaning.
To allow the pistons to work properly, lubricate the casing occasionally with few drops of valve oil. Without the oil the piston can scratch the casing of the trumpet and also reduce its playability.
10. Valve Slides
There are three valve slides on the trumpet. Each is placed at a precise point in the flow of air inside the trumpet to allow the trumpeter to change the pitch by depressing the pistons and making adjustments to the tune of the trumpets.
These slides are tightly fitted to hold their position but can still be moved with an effort. You should also remove the slides periodically and lubricate it.
11. Finger Buttons
These are the buttons that you use to play different types of music. A trumpet has three buttons and is played by the index finger, middle finger, and ring finger.
A trumpet has many parts and each part has its own role. If any of the parts fall apart or is not maintained then it can significantly hamper the playability of your trumpet. We recommend you to take care of all the parts, clean them, regularly oil or grease them and prevent from any falls or hits.
We hope that the article helped you understand your trumpet better. And know if you touch any of the part you a re sure how to use and maitain it.